Effect of PH Changes on the Geotechnical Properties of Clay Liners in Landfill

Document Type : Original Article


1 M.Sc. of Geotechnical Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Aryan Institute of Science and Technology, Babol, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr, Iran

3 M.Sc. of GIS/RS, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


Nowadays the proper sanitary disposal of waste is considered as one of the main options in waste management. The chemicals produced from landfills’ leachate affects the structure and characteristics of clay layers, so based on the acidity/basicity state of leachate, the study of the geotechnical properties of clay layers under the influence of these materials is very important. Therefore, in this research, the effect of PH variation on the geotechnical parameters of the soil was investigated by conducting a series of Atterberg limits, permeability and consolidation experiments on kaolinite clay and kaolinite mixture with different percentages of bentonite. In these experiments, acetic acid and sodium hydroxide were used as chemical agents representing leachate. Permeability parameters were measured via falling head method. The results of experiments show that the presence of acid and base in the kaolinite clay and the kaolinite mixture with different percentages of bentonite increases the liquid limit, plastic limit and permeability of the soil, as well as increasing the level of settling and accelerating the consolidating process. Addition of 10% bentonite also enhances the liquid limit from 36 to 41 (13%), and the addition of further 10% bentonite enhances the liquid limit from 36 to 46 (27%) at pH=7. Soil settling increases 6% when exposed to acetic acid and 17% in light of exposure to sodium hydroxide in kaolinite Permeability index is enhanced 14% with the addition of acid and 25% with the addition of base in kaolinite. increasing of 10% in bentonite to the same sample of kaolinite  soil reduces the permeability index from 21% and an addition of further 10% of bentonite, decreases the original permeability index from 1.42×10-7 to 0.61×10-7 at PH=7.


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